The exercises are selected according to the patient’s individual diagnosis and the condition of the patient’s osteoarticular system and its dysfunctions. Such an individual approach allows quick improvement in locomotor system disorders, scoliosis and posture defects. Individual exercises are often done using special rehabilitation equipment. They allow monitoring and modification of the patient’s therapeutic programme.
Individual specialist exercises
A therapy used in locomotor system disorders. The method involves examination and treatment of peripheral joints and spine. In this therapy, special techniques of mobilisation or manipulation of soft tissues are used to restore disturbed biomechanical functions of the joints (joint release), which results in the mitigation of pain, improved extent of joint mobility and termination of inflammatory conditions.
Cyriax orthopaedic therapy
A diagnostic and therapeutic method focused on diagnosis and non-invasive treatment of soft tissues. It consists in two main elements: making a precise and unbiased diagnosis and applying the most effective possible therapy (customised according to the patient’s personality, age and the duration and location of injury).
McKenzie individual specialist exercises
A novel approach to disc herniation (discopathy), the aim of which is to eliminate spinal pains. The therapy teaches patients how to maintain the correct posture, sit and move in a way that will eliminate spine pain and prevent recurrence of the problems. It is particularly recommended for patients with a herniated disc (‘discopathy’).
Mulligan orthopaedic therapy
This method involves passive movement of the therapist and active movement of the patient. The main advantage of the Mulligan physical therapy is its painlessness, which ensures comfort and safety to both the patient and the therapist. The patient is not a passive object of therapy, but is actively involved in it.
PNF neurophysiological therapy
The main objective of this therapy is to focus on the functions required by the patient. The PNF method consists in maximum stimulation of receptors in the body and different sections of the cerebral cortex to enable motion in the affected area. Repeated movement should restore neural conduction within the affected area. The method is recommended to patients with neurological and orthopaedic diseases.
NDT Bobath therapy
In this neuro-developmental treatment (NDT) method, work with patients is focused on specific target motion tasks. The therapist uses a customised selection of aids/support actions with each patient, which changes over time. The therapy is implemented before incorrect motion patterns are preserved and become habitual. The Bobath concept applies to the rehabilitation of patients who have undergone a cerebral stroke or craniocerebral injuries.
Dr Rakowski pain relief therapy
This soft tissue therapy is also known as a ‘self-therapy’. It consists in a competent use of a number of manual techniques to relieve stresses and eliminate dysfunctions of the muscular and fascial system, in a smooth and safe manner.
Kinesio Taping (dynamic taping)
One of the latest therapeutic methods used in rehabilitation. Kinesio Taping involves sensory influence of a specially-designed plaster on the body to encourage it to use its inherent compensatory abilities. It is helpful in pain management, correction of the fascial system and re-learning locomotor functions, and removal of lymphostasis and lymphatic swelling.
Master Therapy (stabilisation exercises)
A functional therapy in which the patient does series of exercises based on physiological principles, following natural axes of movement. This releases excessive strain and pain, and improves the patient’s overall fitness. Paraspinal muscles are stabilised, which eliminates recurrent spine pains.
Sling therapy sessions (UGUL)
UGUL is an general medical rehabilitation station (a spider cage). The equipment of the station is used in therapeutic gymnastics. The procedures strengthen targeted groups of muscles. They are used at every stage of rehabilitation of patients with impaired muscular strength and restricted joint mobility.
Cycle ergometer training
During cycle ergometer exercises the patient’s heart rate is constantly monitored which allows individual control of the applied load. The procedure improves mobility, respiratory and circulatory system efficiency. Training reduces stress and improves overall wellbeing.
Passive and active/passive exercises with a therapist
This kind of training involves active movement by the therapist and active muscle relaxation by the patient. The exercises are recommended in circulatory system diseases, rheumatoid diseases, increased stress, muscle function impairment or muscular paralysis, and in post-operative rehabilitation.
Cycle ergometer training sessions with ECG monitoring
Designed mainly for patients with cardiac diseases. HIIT on a cycle ergometer improve aerobic efficiency. It is the principal training in cardiac rehabilitation. Aerobic endurance training comprises anaerobic exercises in which muscular strength is moderately but constantly involved. The dynamic exercises used engage large groups of muscles.
Group therapeutic swimming pool exercises
This is a combination of rehabilitation exercises and swimming. It involves large groups of muscles, off-loading joints at the same time and positively affecting the whole body. The exercises are supervised by a physiotherapist who selects appropriate series of routines according to the patient’s condition. Various aids can be used, such as kickboards, aqua noodles, dumb-bells, buoyancy belts etc.
A form of marching exercise with special walking poles. Nordic Walking improves respiratory and circulatory efficiency, and involves up to 90% of the muscles. It improves strength and increases the bone density of lower limbs regardless of the walker’s age. It is a recommended type of training for people with cardiac, orthopaedic, rheumatic and neurologic diseases and problems.
Therapeutic and preventive circuit training
Properly selected physical exercises using modern sports equipment, managed and supervised by experienced physiotherapists.